Preparing your turf area
For new gardens and lawn areas a landscape plan or a simple sketch is a good idea. The amount of site preparation will vary from site to site, but remember the more time and effort that is put into preparing your turf area, the better your end result will be.
Step 1 – Remove all existing lawn, weeds, debris from the site
Remove your existing lawn, weeds, rock and debris. Lawn and weeds can be removed by using a knapsack sprayer using “Zero”, “Round-Up” or something similar. Spray out your existing lawn and weeds no less than 14 days before you want to lay your new turf. You should always follow the recommended rate when spraying out your lawn and weeds. There are some very stubborn weeds, such as onion weed, that may require more work. If after your first spray germination persists you may need to re-spray the area or use a pre-emergent herbicide to control those invasive weeds.
Step 2 – Prepare the soil for your turf area
Once all lawn and weeds have been removed rotary hoe your soil to a depth of 100mm.
It is a good idea to asses your soil type, this can be done by purchasing a Soil pH Test Kit, if your soil has low pH levels (less than 7.0) then add 500 grams of lime per 1m² and mix into the soil well. If your soil has high clay content or is hard and compacted then add gypsum.
Once you have corrected your soil type and rotary hoed your soil to an even consistency rake your soil until you have a smooth surface, remembering to remove any debris which may have been brought to the surface during the rotary hoeing process. For best results, we recommend spreading a top layer of Organic Matter to help improve soil structure and also provide essential nutrients to your lawn.
Your soil should sit 30mm lower than your paths, driveways etc this will allow for the turf to sit flush with your paths or paving. If your soil is not deep enough you will need to bring in some extra soil, use a good quality sandy loam (weed free) consisting of 60% sand and 40% soil. If you require further soil advice please contact your local landscape supplier/garden supplier.
Step 3 – Level your soil for turf laying
Using a rake or a straight piece of timber level your soil for the final time. Spend some extra time to ensure you have an even surface, this will give you a better end result and a more even mowing surface.